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Agriculture

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remains evergreen with seasonal field crops throughout the year for its plenty of underground water

and soil type (new alluvium). Almost all the important crops are profitably grown in this district the economy of which depends mainly on agriculture. Farmers of this district are progressive in mind to adopt new technology for development of agriculture.

Net cropped area is 2,72,135 hectares. However, cropped area is decreasing slowly owing to necessity of conversion of agricultural land for construction of dwelling houses thereon. In spite of the high rate of growth of population, there has been no deficit of food grains in the district during the last three decades.

While the food grains (i.e. rice, wheat, pulses and oilseeds) production was 5,13,540 M.T. in 1976-77, in rose to 9,42,601 M.T. in 2000-01. It is worth mentioning here that the area under cultivation of oilseeds went up remarkably from 16,794 hectares in 1976-77 to 1,08,913 hectares in 2000-01 and the production increased from 9,328 M.T. in 1976-77 to 99,989 M.T. in 2000-01. This success is due to the introduction of H.Y.V. seeds of mustard, groundnut etc. and application of the improved technology of crop management and pest management.

Vegetables production has recorded a very high growth over the years. While the Vegetables production was 1,20,000 M.T. in 1976-77, in came to 12,50,182 M.T. in 2000-01.

Jute is another crop the production of which almost trebled during the period from 1976-77 to 2000-01. Jute production increased from 6,23,366 bales in 1976-77 to 17,02,760 bales in 2000-01. The curve of productivity in agriculture is upward in respect of most of the crops.

The following table will reveal this fact

Name of the crop

Productivity per hectares (in Kg)

1976 - 77

1986 - 87

1996 - 97

2000 - 01

Aus Paddy (clean rice)

1,032

1,737

1,639

1,850

Aman Paddy (clean rice)

1,348

2,017

2,115

1,595 (productivity decreased owing to devastating flood)

Boro Paddy (clean rice)

3,624

3,825

3,357

3,429

Wheat

2,500

2,886

2,538

2,458

Pulses

625

782

720

774

Oilseeds

550

950

920

918

Potato

15,500

18,000

23,095

26,999

Vegetable

8,000

10,000

11,000

14,540

Sugarcane

63,000

45,000

74,603

64,315

Increase in Cropping intensity over the following years...

Year

Cropping intensity (%)

1976 - 77

159

1986 - 87

199

1996 - 97

258

2000 - 01

260

Since the performance of the district in agriculture is noteworthy, there is ample scope for development of agro-based

industries. At present there more than five hundred agro-based industries in the district. Till 31-3-2002, 516 agro-based industrial units have been permanently registered with the Directorate of Cottage & Small Scale Industries. Important agro-based industries in the district at present include the following:

Husking Mill

Bakery

Rice Mill

Dal Mill

Chira Mill

Papad making

Oil Ghani

Flour Mill

Wheat grinding

Jam-jelly-pickles etc.

The Government of West Bengal in the Incentive Scheme, 2000 has announced additional subsidy / incentive for the agro-based industries. The District Industries Centre has been organising awareness campaigns among the prospective entrepreneurs for setting up of more agro-based industries in the district. Efforts are on to find out suitable entrepreneurs interested in establishing multipurpose cold storages and oil mills with the assistance from the financial institutions

There is only one Industrial Estate in the district and it is located at Kalyani. 52 Industrial units have so far been accommodated in the Industrial Estate and they play a very important role in the promotion and development of industries. Therefore the setting up of more Industrial Estates in the district is felt imperative to improve the industrial scenario of the district

Irrigation sources have been created in the district under the minor and small irrigation project. Irrigation potentialities

have increased significantly over the years. 30.37% of the total agricultural land was irrigated in 1976-77. In 2000-01 the total agricultural land that had irrigation facilities rose to 78.10 %. The number of deep tube wells has increased from 531 in 1976-77 to 664 in 2000-01. There were only 15,700 shallow tube wells in 1976-77 and their count rose to 64,637 by 2000-01

The growth of irrigation potentialities may be gauged from the following table

Source

1976-77

1986-87

1996-97

2000-01

No.

Area (Hectares)

No.

Area (Hectares)

No.

Area (Hectares)

No

Area (Hectares)

Deep Tube well

531

21,240

615

24,600

636

25,440

664

25,440

River life irrigation

236

10,760

319

12,760

319

12,160

319

12,760

Mini Deep Tube well

       

245

5,848

245

5,848

Shallow Tube well

15,700

43,960

32,060

89,768

68,587

1,64,656

64,637

1,64,656

Tank / Khal / Beel

 

5,544

 

4,974

 

3,912

306

3,918

Total

 

81,504

 

1,32,102

 

2,12,016

 

2,12,622

Percentage

 

30.37

 

48.36

 

77.90

 

78.10

Although significant exploitation of water resources has already been made in the district there still  remains exploitable water resources, both surface and ground. The Landform of the district does not support creation of surface water reservoirs.

Installation of 20 Heavy Duty Tubewells (HDTW) has been taken up and it will create an additional irrigation potential of 800 hectares. The installation work of 300 Light Duty Tubewells (LDTW) in clusters has also been taken up and this would cater to the needs for an additional 1,200 hectares. Moreover, 6 diesel-operated major River Lift Irrigation(RLI) schemes will be implemented very soon for creation of additional irrigation potentiality of 480 hectares.

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